‘Ten pillars as basic requirements for an optimal childhood’ were formulated by the organisers of the
Global Summit on Childhood in Washington in 2012.1 Finnish academic Lea Pulkkinen was invited to speak there about childhood in Finland,2 out of continuing interest in why 15 year old Finnish students consistently are among the highest performers in Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) results.
Dr Pulkkinen summarises and updates that presentation, and looks at a number of comparisons with Australia.
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